Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local streams for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at raised elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the new strategy of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he had the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were initially designed for the goal of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. 50026ss__85502.jpg It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to fulfill his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Garden Fountains: The Minoan Society

During archaeological excavations on the island of Crete, many varieties of conduits have been detected. They not solely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. The primary materials employed were rock or clay. Terracotta was selected for canals and pipelines, both rectangle-shaped and circular. These included cone-like and U-shaped clay water lines which were exclusive to the Minoans. Terracotta pipes were put down beneath the flooring at Knossos Palace and utilized to distribute water. Along with circulating water, the terracotta conduits of the Minoans were also made use of to amass water and accumulate it. Thus, these conduits had to be ready to:

Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this system would seem to have been fashioned not for convenience but to provide water for chosen people or rites without it being observed. Quality Water Transportation: There is also information which indicates the pipelines being made use of to supply water fountains independently from the domestic system.

Enrich Your Workplace Setting with a Garden Water Feature

You can improve your business by getting a garden fountain. A beautiful feature such as this will make customers feel welcome to your workplace. Unlike home fountains, outdoor fountains installed in business settings should both welcome guests and leave a lasting impact on everyone who sees them.

Important to the success of any business, they are a way to attract new customers and make a positive first impression. It is simple to create natural spaces in even the smallest of spaces by putting in garden water fountains, attractive plants and flowers, among other things. Even bigger, more eye-catching garden displays can be set up in corporate areas that have more open space available. That said, there are plenty that only have room for a small display with which to create an impressive and lasting statement.

New customers who have a good impression of your business is really the goal in this case. An eye-catching garden fountain is like having a welcoming committee for new clients outside your workplace at all times.

The Magnificent Cascade Water Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain provides a magnificent main feature to the gardens and sits at the back of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards in direction of the residence is a series of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps stretching all the way down the hillside. The Cascade is founded on a 17th century French concept and is totally gravity fed as well. In 1696, this water fountain was created for the original Duke of Devonshire and has stayed the same ever since that time. The Cascade House overlooks the fountain, where water slowly moves downward. A little building, the residence is adorned on the exterior with marine creatures in bas-relief. Just before proceeding down the Cascade, on unique occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted, causing the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade display, as water runs through channel on its rooftop and originating from the jaws of its carved marine creatures. The size of every step was made slightly different and means that the music of the water cascading may vary as it descends the Cascades, offering a remarkable and calming complement to a stroll through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water feature in England.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Alternative

The admiration Agrippa’s water-lifting invention was given by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporal. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern channels made the device obsolete when it was attached to the Villa Medici in 1592. Even though it is more probable that it was merely discarded when Ferdinando renounced his cardinalship and returned back to Florence, securing his position as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, just after the death of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. Renaissance landscapes of the later part of the 16th century were home to works such as music fountains, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not filled with water in ways that defied gravitation itself.


Outdoor Fountains: The Minoan Society
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered several sorts of conduits. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. Virtually all... read more
Presenting Contained Garden Fountains
The best option for anyone who wants flexibility and does not want to use external plumbing or water source is a self-contained fountain. Many people put them in the middle of the garden, but they can really go... read more