The Early Civilization: Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered conduits of multiple kinds. These supplied water and extracted it, including water from waste and storms. Rock and terracotta were the materials of choice for these channels. twf006__93672.jpg Whenever made from clay, they were commonly in the shape of canals and spherical or rectangular pipes. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan clay conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape that have not been seen in any civilization since that time. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a strategy of terracotta piping which was positioned underneath the floor, at depths going from a few centimeters to many meters. The pipelines also had other uses such as amassing water and channeling it to a primary area for storage. In order to make this feasible, the pipelines had to be tailored to handle: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s undetectable nature might mean that it was initially manufactured for some sort of ritual or to circulate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Considering the proof, a number of historians suggest that these pipes were not attached to the prevalent water distribution process, supplying the residence with water from a different source.

How Feng Shui Turn Your Garden into an Oasis

Enjoy the health benefits of feng shui by introducing its design elements into your yard.

As far as the size of your yard goes, it is not extremely important when incorporating feng shui design to it. Of course, a big area is great if you have it, but rest assured that feng shui works just as well in smaller areas as well.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the methods are the same. The first part is to know the bagua, or energy map, of your home, as your garden’s bagua will be an extension of that.

In order to make the most of feng shui, it is important to start by knowing how to strengthen each of its five elements.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast section of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a peaceful Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

People thinking about adding a water element into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).

Chatsworth Gardens: The Revelation Fountain

“Revelation,” the newest addition to the decorative outdoor fountains of Chatsworth, was created by renowned British sculptor Angela Conner. She was commissioned by the now deceased 11th Duke of Devonshire to make a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in celebration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most venerable ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. The four large metallic flower petals open and close with the movement of water, alternatively camouflaging and showing a golden globe at the sculpture’s center.

The sculpture’s proportions are five meters high by five meters wide and features a metallic globe painted with gold dust. This most recent fountain is an intriguing and innovative addition to the Chatsworth Gardens, unique in that the movement of the petals is entirely driven by water.

Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By making soda more expensive, it’s expected that people will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance. Research was carried out to assure that citizens of all races and economic classes had access to clean, operating drinking fountains. Via data gathered by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to determine the state of active water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was chosen to compile information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. The two data sets were reviewed to determine what class variances, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The testing was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

The Tallest Fountains Around the World

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia has the highest continuously- running water fountain known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985). It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

The World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), comes in 2nd place with water shooting up 202 meters (663 feet).

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is considered the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4 is Water at Fountain Park (1970) situated in Fountain Hills, Arizona - it can reach up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are running, even though it typically only reaches up to 91 meters (300 feet).

The Dubai Fountain, opened to the public in 2009, is located next to the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

And at #8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).


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