The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design Innovation

Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated publications of the time. An un-named French water fountain engineer was an internationally famed hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his work in Italy, developing know-how in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water features. s-494__18747.jpg “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that became the essential text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were elaborated as well as updates to essential classical antiquity hydraulic advancements in the book. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanical means of transferring water. An beautiful water feature with sunlight warming the liquid in two containers hidden in an neighboring area was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are covered in the publication.

The Prevalence of Water Fountains in Japanese Backyards

Japanese gardens typically feature a water feature. The Japanese water fountain is considered representative of spiritual and physical cleaning, so it is typically placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. It is uncommon to see elaborately -designed Japanese fountains since the emphasis is supposed to be on the water itself.

You will also notice many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. Below the bamboo spout is usually a stone basin which receives the water as it flows down from the spout. In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outside for a long time. It is vital that the overall look of the fountain fits in with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just nice decoration.

An alternate possibility is to find a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Gradually moss begins to grow over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area begins to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, out in a much larger water feature. Popular water feature extras are a koi pond or any sort of small pool, or even a wandering brook.

Water, though, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Potential options include stones, gravel, or sand to represent water.

The semblance of a creek with trickling water can also be achieved by putting flat stones very closely together.

Fountains: Beloved Pets, Flying Visitors and You

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Drinking, bathing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are usually attracted to the active water of fountains. Many birds prefer flowing water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more enticing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Birds hear the trickling and splashing and are even more likely to come around.

Dogs are drawn to fountains mainly because they provide another source of water. Dogs and cats will be outdoors looking out for refreshing water during hot temperatures. Fountains generally need little cleaning due to their constantly streaming water, whereas birdbaths need to be regularly maintained because they easily collect debris.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Water Fountain Worth Seeing

Remarkable finds of both Christian and pagan roots have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is largely for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. Since the Santa Maria in Cosmedin fountain (1719) was situated off the beaten track, it remained relatively unknown. The part of town where it was located was forlorn and uninviting which was enough to keep visitors away. It was a this time that Pope Clement XI commissioned the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri to put up a water fountain to renovate the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin. Work on the church's infrastructure began on on August 11, 1717. The blessing of the first stone to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being tossed in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

The Original Water Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-faceted people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as an inventive master, inventor and scientific expert. He systematically documented his experiences in his now recognized notebooks, after his tremendous curiosity in the forces of nature inspired him to examine the qualities and movement of water. Combining imagination with hydraulic and gardening abilities, early Italian water feature designers modified private villa settings into innovative water displays full with symbolic implications and natural wonder. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanistic subject areas and classical scientific readings, other water fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water features and water jokes for the countless lands around Florence.


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