Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Rome, citizens who dwelled on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. If people living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to count on the remaining existing technologies of the time, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a new method was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he owned the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi used these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were actually established for the goal of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. c_109__08491.jpg Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to satisfy his needs. To provide himself with a much more efficient way to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Where are the Planet's Biggest Water Showpieces?

Referred to as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. The water here jets up to a height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water levels of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which reaches third place. With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 next to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and rockets water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

How to Select the Most Suitable Spot for Your Water Feature

When you are choosing a water fountain, be sure to give some thought to where you will put it. The entryway to a hotel or building is a perfect place for them, as they offer a lovely welcome to visitors.

It is also possible to acquire a fountain made specifically to be placed against a wall. Usually, they have something on the back of them like a hook or a bar with which you can use to affix them to a wall, post, or some other secure place. Bare in mind when you set up your fountain that you must securely fasten it to a wall to avoid having it fall over in high winds and getting damaged.

The garden sculpture style, yet another possibility, is perfect for parks or any place people tend to hang out to enjoy the fresh air and vistas.

The Many Designs in Outdoor Water Features

Gardens are great places to pause from the day-to-day grind and get some fresh air and appreciate nature. While there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and constructed, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will enhance the “curb appeal” and value of your home. Experts recommend adding flowers or trees, a pavement, a charming water feature, or unique statues to enhance the overall look of your property.

A significant improvement to your garden can be realized by putting in a water fountain. A place of balance and serenity will appear from what was originally just a simple spot. The sounds of a water fountain make for a calming environment, not just for people but for the birds and other local wildlife that it will attract. All eyes will now be focused on the beautiful fountain.

The Early, Unappreciated Water-Moving Solution

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s great design for lifting water was not mentioned a lot after 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it widely. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern conduits made the unit obsolete when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. Its triumph may have been temporary but the system devised by Camillo Agrippa was nevertheless different from anything designed in Italy during the time period which divided the modern age from early Rome. While there were other important water-driven creations either designed or built during the late sixteenth century, such as scenographic water exhibits, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and melodious fountains, not one were nourished by water like Agrippa’s system.


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