From Where Did Landscape Fountains Begin?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. b-131__65495.jpg Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using the force of gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Artists thought of fountains as amazing additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the designer responsible for creating it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory adornments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity enabled fountains to bring recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for open spaces, to honor individuals or events, and compliment entertainment and recreational activities.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains

During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, a variety of sorts of conduits have been uncovered. They not solely helped with the water supply, they eliminated rainwater and wastewater as well. Rock and clay were the substances of choice for these conduits. There were terracotta pipes, both round and rectangular as well as canals made from the same components. Amidst these were clay pipes that were U-shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have just showed up in Minoan society. Terracotta piping were laid beneath the floors at Knossos Palace and used to move water. Along with circulating water, the terracotta pipes of the Minoans were also used to accumulate water and store it. This called for the terracotta pipes to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Below ground Water Transportation: Originally this particular technique would seem to have been created not for comfort but rather to provide water to chosen people or rituals without it being observed.

Quality Water Transportation: Some historians think that these pipelines were chosen to make a different distribution technique for the castle.

Keep Your Water Wall Fountain Clean

To ensure that water fountains last a while, it is vital to perform regular maintenance. Leaves, twigs, and insects very often find their way into fountains, so it is essential to keep yours free from such debris. Also, algae is likely to build up any place natural light meets water. In order to avoid this, there are some common ingredients that can be mixed into the water, such as vinegar, sea salt, or hydrogen peroxide. Another option is to blend bleach into the water, but this action can hurt wild animals and so should really be avoided.

Every three-four months, garden fountains should undergo a decent cleaning. Before you can start washing it you must drain out all of the water. Then use a soft cloth and mild cleanser to scrub the inside. A helpful tip is to use a toothbrush if there are little hard-to-reach spots. Any soap residue left on your fountain can damage it, so be sure it is all rinsed off.

Calcium and fresh water organisms can get inside the pump, so you should disassemble it to get it truly clean. To make it less challenging, soak it in vinegar for a while before cleaning. If you want to remove build-up in your fountain, use rain water or mineral water versus tap water, as these don’t contain any ingredients that might stick to the inside of the pump.

One final tip for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

With the building of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at higher elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the brand-new technique of redirecting the current from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. During the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. Although they were primarily manufactured to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he bought the property in 1543. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to get rainwater, it didn’t provide sufficient water. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran beneath his residence.

The History of the Magnificent Cascade Fountain at the Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain creates a incredible garden centerpiece at the rear of Chatsworth House. Twenty-four irregularly spread stone steps reach down the hillside for 200 yards in the direction of the residence. The Cascade is founded on a 17th century French concept and is totally gravity fed as well. Remaining unmodified since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House rests at the top of the fountain where water spills downward. A compact building, the residence is adorned on the exterior with sea creatures in bas-relief. Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade sight, as water flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved ocean creatures, just before continuing straight down the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading varies as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the slight variation in the size of each and every step thereby supplying a wonderful and restful accompaniment to a walk through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water fountain in England.


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