Contemporary Garden Decor: Fountains and their Roots

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move down or jet high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. brk-346__50387.jpg Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish garden designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller versions of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were supposed to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were extolled with baroque style fountains made to mark the arrival points of Roman aqueducts.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The creation of unique water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

Can Garden Water fountains Help Purify The Air?

If what you want is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the answer. Putting in this sort of indoor feature positively affects your senses and your general well-being. Science supports the hypothesis that water fountains are good for you. Modern-day appliances create positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions discharged by water features. The negative ions created by these types of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive shifts to both your mental and physical health. The increased serotonin levels resulting from these types of features make people more aware, serene and energized. An improved state of mind as well as a elimination of air impurities stems from the negative ions released by indoor wall fountains They also help to reduce allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. Finally, these fountains absorb dust particles and micro-organisms in the air thereby affecting your general well-being for the better.

Typical Water Fountains Found in Japanese Landscapes

Japanese gardens usually feature a water feature. They tend to be placed right at the entrance of Japanese temples and homes because they are considered representative of spiritual and physical cleansing. Since water is the most essential element of any Japanese fountain, the design is usually simple.

Moreover, water fountains that have bamboo spouts are very prevalent. The basin, which tends to be fashioned of stones, receives the water as it flows down from the bamboo spout. In addition, it is vital to the overall look that it appear as if it has been outdoors for a long time. It is essential that the overall look of the fountain goes with the natural surroundings, so people typically place plants, rocks, and flowers around it. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just nice decoration.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it creatively with live bamboo and other natural elements. The aim is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Wherever there is enough open space, you have the option to build a more extensive water feature. Lots of people include a koi pond or a little stream as a final touch.

However, water does not need to be an actual element in a Japanese water fountain. Beautiful rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to represent the water. In addition, flat rocks can be laid out close enough together to create the illusion of a rippling brook.

Archaic Greek Artwork: Garden Statuary

The primitive Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to appear rigid and commonly had foot in front; the males were vigorous, strong, and nude. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of federal government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. But in spite of the issues, the Greek civilization continued to advance, unabated.

Garden Water Features Lost to History

The water from rivers and other sources was initially provided to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic. To make water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, located higher than the fountain. Striking and spectacular, large water fountains have been crafted as memorials in nearly all cultures. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. The 1st accepted water fountain was a natural stone basin created that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Natural stone basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 B.C.. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the flow of water through the fountain. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, made from natural stone and bronze. A well-engineered collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.


Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Water Fountains
There are many famous Roman water fountains in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, created and built nearly all of them. He was also a urban designer,... read more
The Minoan Civilization: Outdoor Fountains
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered several sorts of channels. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were typically made from terracotta or rock. ... read more
Can Outdoor Water fountains Help Detoxify The Air?
If what you are after is to breathe life into an otherwise dull ambiance, an indoor wall fountain can be the solution. Your senses and your wellness can benefit from the installation of one of these indoor features. If... read more
Where are the World’s Biggest Water Displays?
And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet). read more