California's Garden Water Fountains Study and Results

The 1st US city to implement a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. 5004-stn__54027.jpg The tax is believed to lessen sugary drink consumption and improve the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was used to accumulate information relating to race and economic status in these locations. By cross-referencing the water fountain locations with the demographic data, they were in a position to determine whether access to functioning fountains was class reliant. The testing was able to establish the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

Where did Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

From the beginning, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to provide drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Serving as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were intended to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. The creation of special water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Ancient Garden Fountain Designers

Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative master, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific expert. With his tremendous fascination concerning the forces of nature, he examined the attributes and mobility of water and also systematically recorded his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Remodeling private villa settings into ingenious water displays complete with symbolic meaning and natural wonder, early Italian water feature creators combined creativity with hydraulic and horticultural ability. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden creations, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist topics as well as classic scientific texts, other fountain makers were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water properties and water pranks for the countless mansions around Florence.

The Countless Ways You Can Benefit from Water Fountains

There are numerous rewards to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. Along with the many health benefits they provide, they also create an ambiance which your friends and family will appreciate. Different people, however, discover that their fountain is valuable to them for many personal reasons. It might carry you back to a special time or place you fondly remember. You might think back to someone special when you look at it. You could also turn into a monument to a special someone. Whatever the case, it is something you will look fondly on for many years to come.

Caring For Landscape Fountains

A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to consider the space you have available. It will require a strong wall to support its total weight. Areas or walls that are small will call for a lightweight fountain. You will need to have an electrical socket in the vicinity of the fountain so it can be powered. Most outdoor wall fountains include simple, step-by-step instructions with respect to the type of fountain.

All you will need to properly install your outdoor wall fountain is typically provided in easy-to-use kits. A submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir, are included in the kit. If the size is appropriate, the basin can be concealed among your garden plants. Once installed, wall fountains typically only need to have some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

Replenishing and cleaning the water on a routine basis is very important. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleaned up quickly. In addition, your outdoor wall fountain should not be exposed to freezing winter temperatures. If left outdoors, your pump could crack as a result of frigid water, so bring it inside during the winter. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and care for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for years to come.


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