A Magnificent Example of Roman Know-How: The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Water Fountain

Archaeologists and restorers alike have stumbled upon a wealth of pagan and Christian artifacts on the site of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The nearby basilica is mainly famous for the marble sculpture known as the Bocca della Verità, (Mouth of Truth) located in its portico. b-179__75307.jpg Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and located far from sight making it difficult to visit. Due to the fact that the nearby area was gloomy and mostly abandoned, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was mandated by Pope Clement XI to erect a fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 marked the date when construction on the church’s foundation started. After blessing of the first stone, medallions with the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water, were thrown into the foundation.

Impressive Water Displays Across the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain worldwide. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water blasting 202 meters (663 feet).

Next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is the Gateway Geyser (1995) which comes in third place.

With water reaching 192 meters (630 feet) in the air, this water fountain is the tallest in the U.S..

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 next to Burj Khalifa - the world's highest building. The fountain shoots water up to 73 meters (240 feet) and performs once every half hour to pre-recorded music - and even has extreme shooters, not used in every show, which reach up to 150 meters (490 feet).

Constructed in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And finally we have the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951) which measures 140 meters (460 feet) in height.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

During archaeological digs on the island of Crete, many sorts of conduits have been identified. They not only aided with the water sources, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. Stone and clay were the substances of choice for these conduits. Terracotta was employed for canals and pipelines, both rectangle-shaped and circular. These incorporated cone-like and U-shaped terracotta pipes which were unique to the Minoans. The water provision at Knossos Palace was handled with a system of clay piping which was put under the floor, at depths ranging from a few centimeters to a number of meters. The pipelines also had other functions including collecting water and directing it to a main area for storing. These terracotta pipelines were needed to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not quite understood why the Minoans needed to transport water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes may also have been made use of to haul water to water fountains which were different from the city’s regular process.

The Benefits of Solar Energy Powered Garden Fountains

There are many different energy options you can use for your garden wall fountain. The recent interest in alternative power has led to a rise in the usage of solar run fountains, even though till now they have primarily been powered by electricity. Solar energy is a great way to power your water fountain, just know that initial expenses will most likely be higher. The most frequent materials used to make solar powered water features are terra cotta, copper, porcelain, or bronze. Your decor determines which type best suits you. Easy to care for and an excellent way to make a real contribution to the eco-system, they make wonderful additions to your garden refuge as well.

Indoor wall fountains not only give you something beautiful to look at, they also help to cool your home. An alternative to air conditioners and swamp coolers, they cool down your home by using the same techniques. You can reduce your power bill since they use less energy.

A fan can be used to blow fresh, dry air across them so as to generate a cooling effect. To improve air circulation, turn on your ceiling fan or use the air from some corner of the area. The most important consideration is to ensure that the air is consistently flowing over the surface of the water. Cool, clean air is one of the natural byproducts of fountains and waterfalls. A big public fountain or a water fall will generate a sudden chilliness in the air. Be certain to position your fountain cooling system where it will not be exposed to additional heat. If you are looking for an efficient cooling system, it should be far from direct sunlight.

The Popularity of Water Features in Japanese Landscapes

No Japanese garden is finished without a water element. The Japanese water fountain is considered symbolic of spiritual and physical purifying, so it is customarily placed in or near the doorways of temples or homes. Since water is the most important component of any Japanese fountain, the design is usually simple.

Moreover, water fountains with built-in bamboo spouts are very common. The bamboo spout is placed over the basin, typically made of natural stones, and water trickles out. Even when new, it should be made to appear as if it has been out in the open for a long time. So that the fountain seems at one with nature, people normally enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it clearly is more than just attractive decoration.

An alternate possibility is to buy a stone fountain, set it on a bed of rock, and place live bamboo and pretty stones around it. Before long moss begins to creep over the stones and cover them, and as that happens the area starts to look more and more like a natural part of the landscape.

If you are lucky enough to have a big plot of open land you can create a water feature that is much more elaborate. Give some thought to adding a lovely final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

However, water does not have to be an element in a Japanese water fountain. Attractive rocks, sand, or gravel are ideal alternatives to actual water, as they can be used to symbolize the water. You can also assemble flat stones and place them close enough together that they look like water in motion.


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