Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

94_137_8801___90418.jpg Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Roma, residents who dwelled on hillsides had to travel even further down to collect their water from natural sources. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations available at the time to supply water to locations of higher elevation. To supply water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they employed the brand-new strategy of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Throughout the length of the aqueduct’s network were pozzi, or manholes, that gave access. During the some 9 years he possessed the property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were originally designed for the purpose of cleaning and maintenance the aqueduct. Reportedly, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his residence.

A Concise History of Outdoor Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was initially provided to the citizens of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not artistic. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or lake, positioned higher than the fountain.

Fountains all through history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. The contemporary fountains of modern times bear little likeness to the first water fountains. Created for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. Stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. These historic water fountains were built to be functional, usually situated along reservoirs, creeks and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from natural stone and bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains

Fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance creator. With his tremendous fascination about the forces of nature, he researched the attributes and mobility of water and also systematically annotated his observations in his now celebrated notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers changed private villa settings into ingenious water displays full of emblematic meaning and natural elegance by combining imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The splendors in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water jokes for the various mansions near Florence, other water fountain designers were well versed in humanistic issues as well as classical scientific texts.

Striking Backyard Multi-Level Water Fountains

Fountains with more than one tier are very easy to find, and popular particularly in gardens. The countries in the southern part of Europe tend to have a lot of these types of fountains. While they can be located anywhere, they are most prevalent in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people get together. Impressive carvings can be found on some of the most sophisticated tiered fountains, while others have less complex designs.

People love to feature them in places having a classic look and feel. It should look as if the fountain has been part of the environment since the beginning and should blend in accordingly.

Introducing Container Herb Gardens

To create the perfect herb garden, consider container gardening. Those drawn to the kitchen or garden will find themselves attracted to the subject of herbs. These easy to grow, unique plants give instant satisfaction since they can be used in everyday meals such as soups and marinades. It only takes a little time each day to maintain your herb garden, and if you have planter gardens and potted herbs, they can be taken inside once autumn begins to freeze - so you can take pleasure in your herbs all year long. Each kind of herb has a different growth speed, making their harvest times differ. Patience is necessary for herb gardening, just like any other interest. Tackle your herb garden like an athlete practices his/her day-to-day routines, results might come slowly but they will come; caring for your herb garden is important even when you do not notice results right away.

Interestingly one of Seven Wonders of the World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, were merely terraced rooftop gardens. These waterproof rooftop gardens were proposed to be created all-around a gigantic stone underpinning that would surround the vast storage rooms underneath. The terraces successfully grew trees simply because the soil was deep and water from cavernous wells was provided to the plants through a hydraulic technique. Prevalent plants were thyme, poppy, anise, and rosemary.


An Introductory Guide to Herbs in Your Garden
Some gardeners are enticed to herbal plants which can effortlessly be grown inside the house and out and are perfect in a variety of cooking techniques. They're incredibly simple to grow both... read more
The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving System
The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation was given by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. It could be that in 1592 when Rome’s most recent waterway, the Acqua Felice, set about delivering the Villa... read more