The Dissemination of Water Fountain Design Technology

brk-303-2__92712.jpg Throughout the European countries, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time, which contributed to the evolution of scientific development. In the later part of the 1500's, a French fountain architect (whose name has been lost) was the globally recognized hydraulics innovator. With Royal mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with integrated and clever water features. He penned a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his life while in France which came to be the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering. The book modified important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was highlighted in the book. An decorative fountain with the sun heating up the water in two vessels stashed in an neighboring accommodation was shown in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the piping. Pumps, water wheels, water features and backyard pond designs are mentioned in the text.

Santa Maria in Cosmedin: A Roman Fountain Worth Viewing

Amazing discoveries of both Christian and pagan origin have been made by archaeologists and restorers in the area of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome. The Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth} is a famed marble sculpture situated in the portico of the nearby basilica. Built in 1719, the Santa Maria in Cosmedin water fountain was not well known and located far from sight making it difficult to visit.

Due to the fact that the nearby area was depressing and mostly uninhabited, visitors were not particularly interested in visiting it. It was then that the Italian architect Carlo Bizzaccheri was commissioned by Pope Clement XI to erect a water fountain in the square outside the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in an effort to make the area more popular. August 11, 1717 saw the beginning of the job to put down the foundation of the church. The consecration of the first rock to be placed in the foundation was followed by medals being thrown in bearing the images of the Blessed Virgin, for whom the church is named, and St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of water.

Putting in a Wall Water Feature in Your House

Just about any space will benefit from the inclusion of a wall fountain. Harmony and calmness will fill the room due to the comforting sound of the waterfall. People tend to hang wall fountains in any room where folks hang out, but most commonly in foyers. Although each model might have slight differences on how to install it, the basic directions are the same for all. Bear in mind that different pieces will need to be put together during assembly. You will need to connect the pump and tubing, and the base will need to be attached to the top section. Be sure to review the instructions before starting to ensure it is done right. The assembly process is quite simple to grasp. That said, there can be minor differences depending on which model you have. Another person can be helpful to hold the wall fountain in the appropriate position so that you can mark the wall. The simplest way to ensure it is installed correctly is to use a level. It is advisable to mark both the bottom and the top placements. Your wall fountain can be hung using one of two methods. You will notice holes on the back side of the wall fountain which can be hung directly onto the screws. A second option is go with brackets installed on the wall. This last one is the more advisable way, specifically if your fountain is large. Decide where the brackets need to be placed and mark the wall accordingly. Put pilot holes in the wall for your drywall anchors. Carefully tap on the anchors with a hammer to insert them into the wall. The brackets can then be mounted on the wall with a screwdriver or cordless drill. The wall fountain is ready to be placed onto the brackets. Ensure that it is properly mounted and straight. Water can be added after the fountain has been secured. Use sufficient water so that the pump is entirely covered. Plug the pump into the wall and see the water begin to flow. Gently put in more water until it comes within an inch of the top of the basin. Never fill the basin all the way to the top or it will overflow anytime the pump is not on. The water level will rise since it all settles at the bottom of the basin if not getting pumped. If there is too much water, it will spill out and can damage your floor and furnishings.

The Famous Revelation Waterworks at Chatsworth Gardens

“Revelation,” the most recent addition to the ornamental garden fountains of Chatsworth, was created by recognized British sculptor Angela Conner. She was mandated by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to produce a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth, in 2004/5 in commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday celebration. One of Chatsworth’s most well-known ponds, Jack Pond, had “Revelation” placed in it in 1999. The four big metallic petals open and close with the flow of water, alternately concealing and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s center. A gold dust painted metal globe was made and added into the big sculpture standing five meters in height and five meters wide. This latest water fountain is an exciting and innovative addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the motion of the flower petals is totally powered by water.

A Short History of Public Water Features

Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or springs to towns and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. In the years before electrical power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the surrounding mountains. Frequently used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired men and women from all over the globe all through the ages. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and religious functions. Stone basins are theorized to have been first utilized around the year 2000 BC. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, made from natural stone and bronze. The impressive aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the spectacular public fountains, many of which you can travel to today.


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